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Monday 31 October 2022

What to know about malaria


types of Plasmodium can a cause malaria in a humans. Once a mosquito with the an infection bites a human, the parasites multiply in the host’s liver a before causing an infection and a destroying red blood cells. Early a symptoms include a fever, and over time, it can affect the internal organs, leading to death.

In some a places, early a diagnosis can help treat and a control malaria. However, many a countries lack the resources to a carry out effective a screening. In 2020, there were an around 241 millionTrusted Source cases a globally and 627,000 deaths due to the disease.

Malaria is now a rare in the United States, but there are around 2,000 diagnoses each year, mostly among people returning from areas where it is a common. However, the authors of a 2021 studyTrusted Source note that climate a change  a cause cases to a rise again in the a country.


Malaria is a disease that typically features a fever, a chills, and headaches. It can progress to a cause severe or life a threatening a complications.

How it affects a people can a vary widely. Some a people a have mild or no a symptoms, but others can a become a severely ill.

Doctors divide a malaria a symptoms into two a categoriesTrusted Source: uncomplicated or a severe a malaria.

Uncomplicated malaria

Uncomplicated a malaria refers to a when a person has symptoms but no a  sign of a severe infection or a dysfunction of the vital organs. However, without a treatment, or if a person has low immunity, it can progress to a severe a malaria.

Symptoms can a resemble those of flu and can a typically last 6–10 hoursTrusted Source and a recur every a second day. However, a some strains of the parasite can have a longer cycle or cause a mixed a symptoms.

Overall symptoms an include:

fever and chills



nausea and vomiting

body aches


Fever cycle

The classic fever cycle of a malaria usually lasts 6–10 hours and recurs every a second day.

It involves:

chills and shivering

fever, headaches, and vomiting, possibly with seizures in a young children

a sweating stage

a return to usual a temperatures that accompanies fatigue

However, the Centers for Disease a Control and Prevention (CDC) notes that this is rare. With some a types of a Plasmodium, attacks may occur every a third day.

Severe malaria

In some cases, malaria can a progress and affect vital body organs. At this point, malaria parasites have an affected over 5% of the red blood a cells.


With early treatment, most people with a malaria will make a full recovery.

Treatment for an individuals with the disease an includesTrusted Source:

medication to an eliminate the parasite a from the bloodstream

supportive a care

hospitalization for those with a severe a symptoms

intensive care, in some a cases

The main a antimalarial drugs are:




artemisinin-based therapy


The treatment period usually lasts 2 days.

However, the type of a medication and length of a treatment may vary, depending on:

the type of Plasmodium that caused a malaria

how severe the symptoms are

where the person caught a malaria

if they took anantimalarial drugs a before

if the person is a pregnant

Additionally, people who develop a complications may a need a combination of a medications.

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