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Sunday 4 October 2020

History of Types of Paliya

History of Types of Paliya 

  • Khambhi: a memorial to a dead person built without carvings,
  • Thesa: small stones near Paliya,
  • Chagio: heaps of stones,
  • Surapura: Warriors who fight for the lives of others.

Surdhan: Accidental death, which is classified as built in memory of murder, suicide, accident, some of them are called Satimata or Zuzar brainless warriors.

Paliya of warriors:

These types of monuments are the most common, mostly associated with communities and tribes that worship war heroes.

They are found in large numbers in a limited area and are known as desert khambi. It is built on the battlefield or where the warrior died. Initially, it was built to honor feasts, community, women, or livestock, and later became a war-related tradition.

These monuments often depict warriors with weapons such as swords, maces, bows and arrows and even guns in the afternoons. These warriors are on various transports such as horses, camels, elephants and chariots. Sometimes it is with the infantry. Occasionally there is a procession of people carrying political symbols or playing drums in battle.

Examples of these monuments are the Paliyas of Bhuchar Mori and the Paliyas of Hamirji Gohil and others near the Somnath Temple.

Sati Paliya:

These monuments are mostly associated with royal families who are dedicated to women who have been sati or who have died in Jauhar. It may also be related to folklore and is worshiped as their goddess.

These monuments mostly show the blessing hand bent at an angle of 8 or 20 degrees to the right. Sometimes there are hands and other symbols like peacock and lotus on this palia. Some palias have the figure of a perfect woman standing in a blessing or salutation posture. Some monuments have the shape of a woman with a mandala in one hand and a rosary in the other. Some of the monuments also feature figures of a woman entering the flames and her husband's body lying on the ground.

Examples of these monuments include the Paliya of Suraj Kunwarba of Bhuchar Mori. This Paliya is also found in the Sindh region of Pakistan and the state of Rajasthan in India.

Palia of sailors:

Gujarat has a long maritime history. These monuments are reminiscent of sailors who died during their voyage. Ships are sometimes depicted on their monuments.

Paliya of folklore:

Many monuments depict religious saints associated with folklore, love stories, sacrifices, friendships, protests, etc. The example of this monument is the Palio of Veer Mangada at Bhutwad near Bhanvad.


Palias depicting animals such as horses, dogs and camels were also built.

Field Paliya:

These paliyas are dedicated to the kshetrapala (guarding the field), the god of the land. It is not a monument but has an almost identical effect. They are usually placed near the farm or outside the village. In some communities, ancestors are worshiped as field keepers. It is believed to protect the soil and crops. Snakes or sometimes just eyes are symbolized on this palia.

I was the keeper of Ranjadela, the keeper is Ranjadyo me ..

'Namchin' was once, now it has annihilated me ..

"From Bismar Chu Balwan"

The above picture shows the condition of the pillars of a great guardian warrior who at one time sacrificed his life for the protection of Abada and the earth, without worrying about his life.

He is an immortal name in the history of the keeper. At one time, he and his ancestors were respected in the surrounding area where he was worshiped. Today, in many places, his poles have been uprooted and rejected. Even a pinch of vermilion is not his luck. We understand the paliya of such great majestic ancestors as stone. We do not know their history.

Alas, such a condition of Paliya, who has protected our culture at a cruel price, regardless of the property of his descendants, is our weakness.


If there is such a bismar paliya in your village or surrounding area, know its true history, preserve the history, raise it and make it a vermilion.

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